Innovation

Innovation: How Deep Is That White Stuff?

September 1, 2014By
FIGURE 6. Aerial view of the forested site (RN86) around the GPS antenna (marked with a circle).

In this month’s column, we look at a technique that uses interference fringes generated by signals arriving at an antenna directly from GPS satellites and those reflected by snow surrounding the antenna to measure its depth and how it varies over time. GPS for measuring snow depth; who would have thought? read more

This article is tagged with , and posted in Algorithms & Methods, Innovation

Innovation: Not Just a Fairy Tale

July 1, 2014By
Figure 1.  Vehicle-to-vehicle communications as envisioned by the United States Department of Transportation.

A Hansel and Gretel Approach to Cooperative Vehicle Positioning
Several technologies are being developed for accurate cooperative vehicle positioning, but GNSS also has a role to play. In this month’s column, team of British researchers turn to a children’s fairy tale for inspiration in their development of a cooperative vehicle positioning approach using carrier-phase observations — another innovative application of real-time kinematic or RTK GNSS technology. read more

This article is tagged with , and posted in From the Magazine, GNSS, Innovation, Road

Innovation: The European Way

June 1, 2014By
FIGURE 1. Global vTEC map obtained with the NeQuick electron density model for a sunspot number of 150 at 13h UT in the month of April (grid resolution 2.5 degrees × 2.5 degrees).

Performance of the Galileo Single-Frequency Ionospheric Correction During In-Orbit Validation
In this month’s column, a team of researchers from ESTEC describe the European way for modeling the ionosphere for single-frequency users and compare its performance to the current GPS approach. read more

This article is tagged with and posted in From the Magazine, Innovation, Signal Processing

Innovation: Reducing the Jitters

May 1, 2014By
AtomicClockChip-O2

How a Chip-Scale Atomic Clock Can Help Mitigate Broadband Interference
Small low-power atomic clocks can enhance the performance of GPS receivers in a number of ways, including enhanced code-acquisition capability that precise long-term timing allows. And, it turns out, such clocks can effectively mitigate wideband radio frequency interference coming from GPS jammers. We learn how in this month’s column. read more

Innovation: Ground-Based Augmentation

April 2, 2014By
FIGURE 5. Research aircraft D-IBUF (Dornier Do 128-6).

Combining Galileo with GPS and GLONASS
While a GPS-based GBAS will offer improved navigation services for aircraft, might these services be even better if the systems were to use satellites from other constellations besides GPS? In this month’s column, the authors show how GBAS protocols might be modified to accommodate multiple constellations, offering results of preliminary tests using GPS, GLONASS, and Galileo simultaneously. read more

This article is tagged with , and posted in Aviation, Aviation & Space, From the Magazine, GNSS, Innovation, Receiver Design

Innovation: A PET Project from Finland

March 1, 2014By
FIGURE 1. Block schematic of the AutoPET assembly.

Automating GNSS Receiver Testing
In this month’s column, the authors discuss an automated test bench for analyzing the overall performance of multi-frequency multi-constellation GNSS receivers. read more

Innovation: Ionospheric Modeling Using GPS

February 1, 2014By
FIGURE 2. The network of the four stations used in the evaluation procedures.

Greater Fidelity Using a 3D Approach
In this month’s column we look at the performance of a 3D approach to modeling the ionosphere, including times when the ionosphere is particularly interesting (read disturbed). read more

This article is tagged with and posted in Algorithms & Methods, From the Magazine, Innovation

Innovation: Cycle Slips

January 1, 2014By
FIGURE 1. A cycle slip affecting phase measurements but not the pseudoranges.

Detection and Correction Using Inertial Aiding
A team of university researchers has developed a technique combining GPS receivers with an inexpensive inertial measuring unit to detect and repair cycle slips with the potential to operate in real time. read more