Four Galileo Birds Sighted over Asia

April 2, 2013  - By 0 Comments

Scientists in Hanoi, Vietnam, send word that on March 27 the four Galileo in-orbit validation satellites were visible at the same time in the sky over that Southeast Asian country for nearly two hours (from 2:15 to 4:00 GMT) while transmitting a valid navigation message. The research team of the NAVIS Centre at Hanoi University of Science and Technology (HUST) successfully computed what they claim is the first Galileo-only position fix in Asia.

Figure 1 depicts the obtained positions are depicted on top of the roof of the NAVIS Centre, where the antenna used to receive the signals is located (latitude = 21°00’16.69” N, Longitude = 105°50’37.90” E, height = 35,2 meters).

    Figure 1. Positions obtained by only Galileo E1 Open Service (the antenna is located at the roof of the Ta Quang Buu library building inside HUST campus)

Figure 1. Positions obtained by only Galileo E1 Open Service (the antenna is located at the roof of the Ta Quang Buu library building inside HUST campus)

Figure 2 shows the positions of the four Galileo satellites and of 12 GPS satellites at time of acquisition, while Figure 3 reports the acquisition results of the four Galileo IOV satellites.

    Figure 2. Skyplot of the satellites of the GPS and Galileo systems at the time of the campaign. The Galileo satellites are PFM (PRN11), FM2 (PRN12), FM3 (PRN19), and FM4 (PRN20).

Figure 2. Skyplot of the satellites of the GPS and Galileo systems at the time of the campaign. The Galileo satellites are PFM (PRN11), FM2 (PRN12), FM3 (PRN19), and FM4 (PRN20).

Figure 3. Acquisition results of the four Galileo IOV satellites

Figure 3. Acquisition results of the four Galileo IOV satellites: PRN 11.

Figure 3. Acquisition results of the four Galileo IOV satellites

Figure 3. Acquisition results of the four Galileo IOV satellites: PRN12.

Figure 3. Acquisition results of the four Galileo IOV satellites

Figure 3. Acquisition results of the four Galileo IOV satellites: PRN19.

Figure 3. Acquisition results of the four Galileo IOV satellites

Figure 3. Acquisition results of the four Galileo IOV satellites: PRN20.

Comparison of the position computed using only Galileo, only GPS or both systems together is also presented in Figure 4. It should be noted that during the campaign, the data demodulation process reports that the Galileo system announces the “navigation data valid” status for PFM and FM3, meanwhile the “working without guarantee” for FM2 and FM4.

Figure 4. Position computed when using GPS only, Galileo only, or GPS+Galileo

Figure 4. Position computed when using GPS only, Galileo only, or GPS+Galileo

The NAVIS Centre, located at the Hanoi University of Science and Technology in Hanoi, Vietnam, was established with a project co-funded by the European Union and collaborates with European and Asian partners on research and development of satellite navigation technology in Southeast Asia. This report was made by Dr. Ta Hai Tung, director of the NAVIS Centre, and Prof. Gustavo Belforte, co-director.

GPS World staff

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